Effect of calcined silt on the durability of Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GRC)
The aim of this study is improving the durability of Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete )GRC( and in the context of sustainability applications, reduction of cement consumption, and replacement of it with environmentally friendly materials. This study was conducted to test the role of Metakaolin produced by calcination of silt from Baloran dam in Lattakia on the Syrian coast as supplementary cementing material by 10% -15% -20% - 25% in GRC mixture, and to determine the effect of it on the consistency and flexure strength over 180 days, as well as to test its role in improving the micro-structure of the mixture by reducing the content of Ca(OH)2 which were tested using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) techniques, and as a result reduced the erosion of fibers as shown in images by Scanning Electronic Electron Microscopy (SEM). Moreover the role of calcined silt has been studied in controlling the degradation of the material over time which tested by immersion in hot water 50° C for 150 days and by drying – wetting cycles. Also the effect of calcined silt on absorption, porosity and resistance of sulfates attacks was studied. The results have shown that used silt has no negative effect on consistency or mechanical properties, and it improved all the studied durability factors.