Estimation of Water Breakthrough Using Numerical Simulation
Water coning is one of the most important phenomena that affect the oil production from oil reservoirs having bottom water aquifers. Empirical model has been developed based on numerical simulator results verified for wide range variation of density difference, viscosity ratio, perforated well interval, vertical to horizontal permeability ratio and well to reservoir radius ratio; the effect of all these parameters on breakthrough time of raising water have been recorded for five different oil flow rate. Since, the model reflects the real situations of reservoir-aquifer zone systems; in which the aquifer has a specific strength to support the reservoir pressure drop depending on its characteristics and water properties. Moreover, the numerical model has been constructed using very fine grids near the wellbore especially in vertical direction, so that very accurate results can be obtained. and (625)runs were performed to generate the breakthrough time model using the numerical simulator verifying all parameters affecting on breakthrough time. The results show that water coning is complex phenomena that depends on all reservoir and fluid properties; the dynamic critical flow rates affected simultaneously by both of the displacing fluid zones. The results show that the breakthrough time of the presented formula provides extreme accuracy with many numerical simulator cases of same reservoir and fluid properties; thus, the suggested formula can be considered as an alternative, quick and easy use tool than numerical simulation models, which consumes time and efforts.