The use of historical Type in the design of contemporary Iraqi architecture
The appearance of the type in architecture has had a profound impact on contemporary architectural thought after the free type followed by the architecture of modernity failed to achieve continuity and communication because the modern type is not descended from a historical chain, but was determined by economic calculations, which is produced by logical processes that combine needs with techniques. Therefore, the type is considered the theoretical tool that moves architecture and is the organizer with the historical content, which can continue to achieve a culturally continuous architecture, that realizes the architects to create communicating architecture. Thus, the problem is the lack of knowledge in the method of using the historical type in the contemporary of Iraqi architecture, and to extract the most important characteristics. The aim of the research is extraction of the historical type of Iraqi architecture - for the period preceding Islam (Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Hatra) and its use in the design of contemporary Iraqi architecture. Thus, the hypothesis is the use of the historical type in contemporary Iraqi architecture creates contemporary architecture and urban continuum.