Inner-symbol Interference (INSI) reduction in OFDM system using distinctive characteristics of the pilot symbols
This research presents a wireless communication system using Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (16QAM) depending on using of the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). OFDM transmission system can effectively reduce inter symbol interference (ISI) caused by multipath fading, especially in the case of broadband data transmission. There are two kind of interference; inter symbol interference (ITSI) and inner symbol interference (INSI). ITSI is the interference caused by the delayed waves with larger than OFDM symbol duration, in order to avoid ITSI effectively, we insert guard interval every each OFDM symbol. On other hands, INSI is the interference caused by the delayed waves with less than OFDM symbol duration. To avoid INSI, this work proposes a new scheme in order to estimate the times of delayed waves by using distinctive characteristics of OFDM signal, which is inserted pilot signal periodically in frequency axis before IFFT at the transmitter. In this paper, we evaluate the estimation accuracy of the proposed estimation method and the BER performance of the proposed system under multipath fading environment by computer simulation with MATLAB.