Granules of brick waste (GBW) as low-cost sorbent for removal of Pb+2 ions from aqueous solutions
The potential application of granules of Granular brick waste as a low-cost sorbent for removal of Pb+2 ions from aqueous solutions has been studied. The properties of Granular brick waste were determined through several tests such as X-Ray diffraction , Energy dispersive X-ray, Scanning electron microscopy , and surface area. In batch tests, the influence of several operating parameters including contact time, initial concentration, agitation speed, and the dose of GBW was investigated. The best values of these parameters that provided maximum removal efficiency of lead (89.5 %) were 2.5 hr, 50 mg/L, 250 rpm, and 1.8 g/100mL, respectively. The sorption data obtained by batch experiments subjected to the three isotherm models called Langmuir, Freundlich and Elovich. The results showed that the Langmuir isotherm model described well the sorption data (R2= 0.9866) in comparison with other models. The kinetic data were analyzed using two kinetic models called pseudo_first_order and pseudo_second_order. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model was found to agree well with the experimental data.